ADVOCACY FOR AN IMBALANCED WORLD

May 22, 2016

MATCH TERM WITH THE DEFINITION

PLAQUE
PYORRHEA
ROOT CANAL
CROWN
BRIDGE
IMPLANT
GINGIVITIS
CARIES
DECAY PROSTHETIC DEVICE USED TO ANCHOR A TOOTH
INFLAMMATION OF THE GUMS
GUMMY MASS OF MATERIAL
PORTION OF THE TOOTH COVERED

WORD BUILDING
CYST/O=BLADDER
-CYST-ALGIA
-CYST-ECTOMY
-CYST-ITIS
CYST-O-LITH
CYST-OSTOMY
CYST-O-PLASTY
CYST-O-RRHAGIA
CYST-O-SCOPE
-LITH-O-TRIPSY
-LITH-OTOMY
-NEPR/O=KIDENY
-NEPHR-ECOMY
-
NEPHR-O-GRAM
-NEPHR-ITIS
-NEPHR-O-MALACIA
-NEPHR-O-MEGALY
-NEPHR-O-PSTOSIS
-NEPHR -OTOMY
-NEPHR
WORD BUILDING
  • PYEL/O= PELVIS
  • PYEL-O-GRAM
  • PYEL-ITIS
  • PYEL-O-PLASTY
  • UR/O
  • UROLOGIST
  • URO-OLOGY
  • URETER/OURETER-ECTASIS
  • -URETER-O-STENOSIS
  • URETHR/O
SUFFIX  COMBINED  WITH MEDICAL TERM DEFINITION
URIA    ALBUMIN  ALBUMIN              ALBUMIN IN THE URINE
              AN-              AN-URIA               NO URINE
               AZOT/O    


VOCABULARY
  • anuria Complete suppression of urine formed by the kidnes and a complete lack of urine excretion
  • calculus
  • diuresis
  • Enurisis
  • E coli
  • Frequency
  • Hesitancy
  • Micturation
  • Renal colic
  • Stricture
  • Uremia
  • Urgency
  • Urinary incontinece
  • Urinary retention
  • Stricture
  • Uremia
  • Urgency
    • Urinary Bladder 
    • PATHOLOGY VOCABULARY
  • acute tubular necrosis
  • bladder neck obstruction
  • cystocele
  • diabetic nephropathy
  • Glomerulonephritis Inflamation of th kideny (primarily of the glomerulus). Since the glomerular membrane is inflamed
  • hydronephrosis
  • interstitial cystitis
  • nephrolithiasis
  • polycystic Kidneys
  • Wim's tumor Malignant 
  • pyelonephritis Inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kideny. One of the most common types of kidney problems
  • renal failure
  • urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • blood urea nitrogen
  • clean catch specimen
  • cystography
  • Cystoscopy Visual eamination of the urinary
  • excretory uropgraphy
  • intravenous pyelogram
  • kidney,ureters,bladder - X-
  • retrograge pyelogram - A diagnostic X-ray in which dye is inserted throught the urethra to outline the bladder ,ureter, and renal pelvis.
  •  DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES
  • Urinalysis
  • Catherization
  • extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy - Use of ultrasound waves to break
  • Hemodialysis
  • Lithotomy
  • THERAPEUTIC PROCEDURES
  • Lithrotripsy
  • meatotomy
  • Peritoneal dialysis -Removal of tox waste substance from the body by placing warm chemically balcanced solutions into the peritoneal cavity. Wastes are fo;ter pit pf tje bpp;d
  • renal transplant -Surgical placement of a donor kidney
  • PHARMACOLOGY
  • Antibotic-
  • Antisposmadic
  • diuretics
  • DISCHARGE SUMMARY
  • Admitting Diagnosis:
  • -Severe right side pain, visible in the urine.
  • Final Diagnosis
  • -Pyelonephritis right kidney, complicated by chronic cystitis
  • HISOTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS
  • -Patient has lognn history of frequent bladdr infections.but denies any recent lower pelvic pain or dysuria./ Earlier today he had rapid onset of server right side pain. and is unable tostand fully erct. His temperature was 101f and hisskin was seaty and flushed 
  •  
  •  
  • Summary of Hospital Course:
  • -Clean catch urinalysis revealed gross hematuria and pyuria,but not albuminuria. A C&S was ordered to identify the pathogen and a broadspectrum iv antibiotic was started. An intraveous pyelogram indicated no calculi or obstructions in the ureters. Cystoscopy discovered evidence of chronic cystitis,bladder irritation, and a bladder neck obstruction.
  • The obstruction appears to be congenitaal and the probable  cause of the chronic cystitis. The patient was chatherized to ensure complete voiding of the bladder, and fluids were encourgage. Patents responded well to the antibiotic theraphy and fluids and his symptoms improvedd
  • DISCHARGED 
  • CHART NOTE
  • CURRENT COMPLAINT
  • -A 36 year old male was seen by the speacialist in the treatment of diseases of the urinary system because of right flang pain and blood in the urine.
  • PAST HISTORY
  • -Patients has a history of bladdr infection: denies experiences any symptoms for 2 years.
  • Signs and Symptoms 
  • A technique used to obtain an uncontaminated urine sample obtained for laboratory analysis of the urine revealed blood in the urine. but pus ;in the urine. A ;kidney X-Ray made after inserting dye into the bladder was normal on the left,but dye was seen filling the right ureter only halfway to
  • STATE THE MEDICAL TERMS DESCRIBING THE SENTENCE
  1. surgical fixation of the kidney
  2. X-ray record of thekidney
  3. condition of kidney sotnes 
  4. removal of a kidney
  5. inflammation of the kidney
  6. inflammation fo the bladder 
  7. rapid bleeding from the bladder
  8. surgical repair of the bladder 
  9. bladder pain 
  10. surgical reapir of the renal pelvis
  11. inflammation fo the renal pelvis
  12. X-ray record fo the renal pelvis
  13. a ureteral stone 
  14. surgical repair of a ureter
  15. surgical removal of
  16. micturition
  17. diurectic
  18. renal colic
  19. catherization
  20. pyelitis
  21. nephropyel
  22. lithotomy
  23. enuresis
  24. meatotomy
  25. diabetic nephropathy
  26. urninalysis
  27. hesitancy
  28. Albuminuria
  29. Pyuria
  30. Bacteriuria
  31. Unuria
  32. Hematuria
  33. Urethritis
  34. Dysuria
  35. Nphrolith
  36. Lithrotripsy
  37. Ketonuria
  38. K
  39. Na
  40. UA
  41. BUN
  42. SG
Wilm's tumor
polycystic kidneys
pephrolithiasis
urgency

USE OF THE FOLLOWING TERMS IN THE SENTENCES THAT FOLLOW
renal transplant cystostomy renal biobsy
Ureterectomy    pyelolithectomy   urinary tract infection
Cystoscopy       intravenous pyelogram     nephropexy
Naomy had to have one of her ureters  removed due to a stricture this procedure is called
The physician had to create a temporary opening between 

UROLOGICAL CASE
Placenta
Hysterectomy
Partial
Total
Episiotomy
Mediolateral incision
midline
WORD BUILDING
-Amnio/o=amnion
-Amni-otomy-
-Amni-o-rrhea
cervic/o=cervix,neck
-Cervic-ectomy
-Endo-cervic-itis
-colp-o-scope
-Colp-o-scopy
-men/o=menses
-A-men-o-rrhea
-Dys-men-o-rrhea
-Oligo-men-o
-Men-o-rrhagia
.metr/o=uterus
-Emdp-metr-itis
-Peri-metr-itis
-Metr-o-rrhea
-Metr-o-rrahia
WORD BUILDING
Pseudo -cyesis  Pseusocyesis   false pregnancy
Nulli-   -gravida nulligravida   no pregnancies
primi-  -gravida  primigravida  first preganancy
Multi   -
menarche
Menopause
Ovulation
Fertilization
Tubal pregnacy
Premature
Atresia
barrier contraception
breech presentation
Colostrum - A thin fluid first secreted
VOCBULARY
Dyspareunia
-painful
-infertility
-intrauterine device (iUD)
last menstrual period  (LMP)
Low birth weight (LBW)
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Neonate
Obstetrician
Obstetrics (Ob)
Parturition
puberty
Puerperium
PATHOLOGY RELATING TO THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
  • Abruptio placentae
choriocarcinoma
condyloma
Cystocele
eclampsiap
 Down Syndrome
Endiometral Cancer
Ovarian cyst
pelvic inflammatory disease
placenta previa
preeclampsia
Prolapsed uterus
Rectocele
Stillbirth
toxic shock syndrome (TSS)
Prolapsed umbilical cord when the umbilical cord of the baby is expelled first during delivery and is squezzed between  the baby's head the
Amniocentesis
Apgar
cervical biopsy

DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES
Fetal monitoring
PAP smear
pelvic examination
pelvic ultrasonography
pelvimetry
pregnancy test
hymenectomy
kegel exercise
laparatomy
lumpectomy
vaginal hyesterectomy
VASECTOMY
WORLD BUILDING RELATING TO THE MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

  • andr/o=male
  • andr-o-gen
  • andr-o-pathy
  • balan/o=glans penis
  •  
 ejaculation
erectile dysfunction (ED)
impotence
spermatolytic
sterility
epispadias
genital herpes
genital warts
gonorrhea
hydrocele
hypospadias
phimosis
prostate cancer
sexually transmitted disease
syphilis
testicular torsion
trichomoniasis
varicocele
venereal disease
DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURE
DIGITAL EXAM
-manual examintationfor an enlarged porostate gland
-castration
-excision of the testicles in the malel
Androgen
Antiprostatic
Erectile dysfunction agents
CASE STUDY
Reasons for Consultation:
-High -risk pregnancy with late term bleeding
History of Present Illnes
-Patient is 23 .She is currently estimated to be  a 240 days of g
RESULTS OF PHYSICAL EXAMINATION
Patient appears well nourished and an abdominal girth appears consistent with length of gestation. she is understandably quite anxious regarding  the sudden stopping. Pelvic ultrasound indicates placenta previa with placenta almost completely

Current complain
-Patient is a 77 years old male seen by the urologist with complaints of nocturia and difficulty with ejaculation
PAST HISTORY
-the patient had  cryptorchidisim at birth, which  was repaired by the orchodopexy. H had also undergone vasectomy at the age of 41 years old.
Signs and Symptoms
-patients noted these symptoms about 5 years  ago. They have become increasingly severe and now he is not able to sleep without walking up to urinate up to 20 x
  1. Cervical
  2. Colpo-scope
  3. atresia
  4. neonate
  5. menopause
  6. menarche
  7. dysmenorrhea
  8. fallopian tube
  9. lactation
  10. miscarry
  11. clitoris
  12. endometrium
  13. placenta
  14. fundus
  15.  
fribroid tumor
puberty
stillbirth
Conization
eclampsia
D&C
C-section
endometriosis
laparascopy
fibroid tumor
premenstrual syndrome
  1. orchi ectomy
  2. vesicul o pathy
  3. orchi o plast
  4. vesicul itis
  5. prostat

CHAPTER 11
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
BUILDING WORDS
  • ADENO/O=GLAND
  • -ADEN-O-MA
  •  ANDREN/O=ADRENAL GLAND
  • -ADREN-O-MEGALY
  • -ADREN-O-PATHY
  • ADRENAL/O
  • KAL/L =POTASIUM
  • -HYPER-KAL-EMIA
  • NATR/O=SODIUM
  • L-HYPO-NATR
  • VOCABULARY RELATING TO THE ENDCOCRINE SYSTEM
  • EDEMA - Condition in which the body tissuses contain excessive amounts of of fluids

  • EXOPHTHALMOS
  • GYNECOMASTIA
  • HIRSUTISM
  • HYPERSECRETION
  • HYPOSECRETION
  • MATABOLISM
  • OBESITY
  • SYNDROME
  • ACIDOSIS Excessive acidity of body fluids
  • ACROMEGALY
  • ADDISON'S DISEASE
  • ADENOCARCINOMA
  • ADRENAL FEMINIZATION
  • ADRENAL VIRILISM
  • CRETINISM
  • CUSHINGS'S SYNDROMRE -Set of symptoms namef after Harvey Cushings an American nerusurgeon that result from heprsecretion of the adrenal cortex  this maybe the result of a tumor of the adrenal gland The ysdrome may presnt sympomts of weakenss adema ecess hari growth skin discoloration and osteoporosis.
  • diabetis insipidus
  • diabetes mellitus
  • diabetic retinoplathy
  • dwarfisim condition of abeing abnormally short in heigh, It maybe the result of ahereditary conditio or alcak of growth hormone.
  • Gigantism
  • Goiter 
  • Graves disease
  • Hashimoto's disease
  • hyperthyroidism condition that reseluts from overactivity of the thyroid gland and cans casuse a crisis situatio. Also called graves disease.
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  • insulinoma
  • ketoacidosis acidosis due to an ecess ofa acidic ketone bodies  (waste products) A serious condition requiring immediate treatment that can result in death for the diabetic patint if not reversed.
  • myxedema
  • non -insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  • pan hipy pituitarianism
  • peripheral neuropathy damage
  • pheochromocytoma
  • tetany
  • thyrotoxicosis
  • Basal Metabolic rate
  • blood  serum test
  • fasting blood sugar
  • glucose tolerace test test to determine the blood sugar
  • protein bound iodine test
  • radioactive iodine uptake test
  • radioimmunoassay
  • serum glucose tests. blood test performed to assist in determing insulin level sand useful for adjusting medication 
  • thyroid echogram ultrasound examination of thyroid that an asssist in distiginguishing a thryroid nodule from a cyst
  • Thyroid function
  • thryid scan
  • total calcium
  • chemical thyroidectomy
  • laparoscopic adrenalectomy
  • lobectomy
  • prathyroidetomy
  • thrymectomy
  • thyroidectomy
  • corticosteriods
  • epinephrine
  • human growth hormone threapy with human growth homrone in order to stimulate skelatal growth.Used to treat children with abnormally low stature.
  • insulin
  • oral hypoglacemic agent
  • thyroid replacement homrmone
  • vasopressin ADH
  • DISCHARGE SUMMARY
  • Admitting Diagnosis 
  • Hyperglycemic.,ketoacidosis,glycosuria
  • Final Diagnosis
  • New onset type 1 diabetes mellitus
  • History of Present Illnes
  • Patient presented to pediatrician's office with a 2 month history of weight los,fatigue polyuria and polydipsia.  Her family history is significant for a grandfather mother and older brother with type 1 diabetes mellitus. eh pediatrician found heperglycemia with a fasting blood sugar and glycosuria with a urine dipstick. Patient was also we noted to be dehydrated and extremely lethargic. She is being admitted at this time for managment of new onset diabetes mellitus.
  • DISCHARGE SUMMARY
  • Summary of Hospital Course
  • At admission, the FBS was 300 mg/100 mL and she was in ketoacidosis. she improved after receiving insulin. her serum glucose level normalized, and her lethargy disappeared . The next day a 2 hour postprandial glucose tolerance test. confirmed the diagnosis of DM while an abdominal Xray and pacnrea CT scan were normal. There was not evidence of diabetic retinopathy. Attempts to control hyperglglycemia with oral hypoglcymics were not successful and patient was started on insulin injections. Shea was discharged  3 days later on a protocol of bid insulin injections . The patients ....
  • CHARTE NOTE
A 56 WAS REFERRED TO THE ENDOCRINOLOGIST FOR EVALUATION FO WEAKNESS,EDEMA,OBESITY AND AN HIRSUTIM.
PMH.
-PATIENT HAS BEEN OVERWEIGHT MOST OF HER LIFE IN SPOITE OF A HEALTHY DIET AND REGULAR EXERCISE. SHE WAS DIAGNESED WITH OSTEOPOROSIS AFTER INCURRING A PATHOLOGICAL RIB FRACTURE FOLLOWING A COUGHING ATTACK
SINGS AND SYMPOTOMS
PATIEN HAS MODERATE EDEMA IN BILATERAL FEET AND LOWER LEGS AS WELL AS  A PUFFY FACE AND AN UPPER LIP MOUSTACHE. SHE IS 100 LBS. OVER NORMAL BODY WEIGHT FOR AGE AND HEIGHT. SHE MOVE SSLOWLY AND APPEARS
LETHARGIC.
MATCHING 
Endocrinology Pituitary Gland Gonads
Testosterone    Corticosteroids    Estrgogen
ADH T4    Exophathalmos
Adenocarcinoma
  • adrenalectomy
  • thyroidectomy 
  • adrenalitis
  • euthyroid
  • thyroidotomy
  • thymoma
  • cushing's disease
  • goiter 
  • acidosis
  • gigantism
  • cretinism
  • myxedema
  • diabetes mellitus
  • diabetis insipjidus
  • Hashimoto's disease
  • Graves's disease
  • Addison's disease
  • definitions
  • enlarged thyroid
  • overacitive adrenal cortex
  • hyperthyroidism 
  • underactive adrenal cortex
  • associated with diabetes
  • causes polyuria and polydipsia
  • thyroditis
    • DEFINE OF THE FOLLOWING TERMS
    • Adenocarcinoma
    • chemical throidectomy
    • gigantism
    • ketoacidosis
    • polydipsia
    • glucose
-algesia An- An-algesia absence of sensitivy to pain
-esthesia An- An-esthesia lack of sensations
                Hyper    Hyper-esthesia excessive 
VOCABULARY OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
  • AURA
  • CHOREA
  • COMA
  • CONSCIOUS
  • CONVULSION
  • DELIRIUM
  • DEMENTIA
  • FOCAL
  • GRAND MAL SEIZURE (TONIC CLONIC SEIZURE)
  • HEMIPARESIS
  • HEMIPLEGIA
  • INTRATHECAL
  • LETHARGY
  • NEUROSURGEON
  • PARAPLEGIA
  • PARAESTHESIA
  • PETIT MAL SEIZURE
  • SCIATICA
  • SEIZURE
  • SLEEP DISORDER 
  • SYNCOPE 
  • TIC spasmodic
  • TREMOR
  • UNCONCIOUS
  •  ALZHEIMER'S
  • AMYTROPHIC
  • BELL'S PALSY
  • BRAIN TUMOR
  • CEREBRAL ANEURYSM
  • Locallized abnoraml dilation 
  • CEREBRAL CONTUTION
  • CEREBRAL PALSY
  • CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT (CVA) Commonly called a stroke. Teh development of an infarct due to loss  inthe blod supply to an area of the brain. B lood flow can 
  • Concussion
  • Encephalocele
  • Epidural hematoma moss
  • Epilepsy
  • GUILLAN-BARRE SYNDROME
  • HUNTINGTON'S CHOREA
  • HYDROCEPHALUS
  • MENINGIOMA
  • MENINGOCELE
  • MIGRAINE
  • MULTIPLE SCLEOROSIS
  • MIASTHENIA GRAVIS
  • MYELOMENINGOCELE
  • NARCOLEPSY CHRONIC DISORDER IN WHICH THERE IS AN
  • PARKINSON'S DISEASE
  • REYE'S SYDROME
  • SHINGLES 
  • SPINA BIFIDA
  • SPINAL CORD INJURY (SCI) Damage
  • Subdural hematoma
  • TIC douloureux
  • Transient ischemic attack
  • BABINSKI'S REFLEX
  • BRAIN SCAN
  • CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY
  • CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
  • ECHOENCEPHALOGRAPHY
  • ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY
  • ELECTROMYOGRAPHY
  •  MYELOGRAPHY
  • PNEUMOENCEPHALOGRAPHY
  •  
  • POSITRON EMMISSION TOMOGRAPHY
  • ROMBERG (ROM BERGS) TEST
  • CAROTID ENDARDERECTOMY
  • CEREBROSPINAL FLUID SHUNTS
  • CORDERECTOMY
  • LAMINECTOMY
  • NEREVE BLOCK
  • SYMPATHECTOMY 
  • ANALGESIC
  • ANESTHETIC
  • ANTICHOLINERGIC
  • ANTICONVULSANT
  • BARBITURATE
  • DOPAMINERGIC DRRUGS
  • HYPNOTIC Drugs that promote sleep
  • NARCOTIC Morphine and related drgus 
  • ADMITTING DIAGNOSIS Paraplegia following motorcycle accident. 
  • Final Diagnosis
  • Comminuted L2 fracture with epidural hematoma and spinal cord damage resulting in comple paraplegia at the L2 level 
  • History of Present
DISCHARGE PLANS
-Patient was transfered
hemiparesis and convulsion has to do with weaknesses.
past history
patient is married 
  • polyneuritis
  • encephalophaty
  • cerebrospinal 
  • cerebral
  • encephalitis
  • encephalocele
  • eneephalomyelitis
  • cerebrosclerosis
  • cerebropathy
  • Answers
  • disease of the brain
  • inflamation of the brain
  •  
  • Chorea
  • meningitis 
  • palsy
  • shingles 
  • sycope 
  • lethargy
  • petit mal
  • grand mal
  • meningocele
  • Answers
  • Sluggishness
  • bizarre movement
  • Convulstion
  1. olfactory
  2. optic 
  3. oculomotor
  4. throchlear
  5. trigeminal
  6. abducens
  7. facial
  8. vestibulochochlear
  9.  
  10. carriers faceial sensory impulses 
  11. turn eye to side 
  12. controls tou ngue muscles 
  13. eye muscles and controls pupils
  14. swallowing
  15. controls facial muscles
  16. eye muscle movement
  17. smell controls neck and shoulder muscles 
  18. hearing and equilibrium
  19. vision
  20. organs in lower cavities
  1. cerebrovascular accident
  2. aphasia
  3. Narcolepsy
  4. Dementia
  5. narcotics 
  6. anticonvulsant
sleep disorder
Alzheimer's disease
Stroke
loss of ability to speak
morphine and related drugs
prevents neuron activity
associated with seizures
ambly/o=dull,dim
amblyopia
aque/o=water
aqueuous fluid
blephar/o=eyelid
blephari-itis
bleha-o-plasty
blephar-o-ptosis
blephar-ectomy
conjuctiv/o=conjuctiva
conjuctivitis
ocul/o=eye
bin-ocular
intra-ocular
ocul-o-mycosis
ophthalm/o=eye
ophthal-malgia
ophthalm-ic
ophthalm-o-logist
opthalm-ology
opththalm
opt/o=eye,vison
opt-ic
opto-meter
opto-metry
retino/o=retina
retina-al
WORD BUILDING
SUFFEX MEANING EXAMPLE
Chalasis  Relaxation blepharachalisis
VOCABULARY REALTING TO THE EYE
Accomodation Ability of the eye to adjust
Convergence
Ectropion
Entropion
Emmetropia or emmetropic eye
Esotropia
Exotropia
Exophthalmos
Nyctalopia difficulty seeing in dim ligh, Usually due to damaged rods.
Optician
Optometrist
Papilledema
Photophobia translates to fear of light, it actually
Presbyopia Visual lossdue to old age,resulting in difficulty in focusing for near vision
refraction
refractive error
visual
scotomas
floaters
achromatopsia
amblyopia
blepharochalisis
catarat
chalazion
corneal abrasion
diabetic retinopathy
glaucoma
Hemianopia Loss of vision in half of thvisual field. Astorlke patient may sffer from this disorder.
Hordeolum
Hyperopia or farsighted
Macular  deterioration of the macular are
monochromatism
Unable to perceive on color
myopia or nearsighted
Retinoblastoma
Strabismus
Trachoma Chronic infectious disease of the conjunctiva and corne caused by bacteeria. occurs more commonly intpole living in hot, dry climates Untreated
Keratometry
Ophthalmoscopy
Slit Lamp Microscope instrument  of sharpness of a patients vision. Usually, a Snellen's chart is used for this test in wchich the patients identifies letters from a distance
  • Cryoextraction
  • Cryoretinopexy
  • Enucleation
  • Kertoplsy
  • t;laser photocoagulation the use of lser beam todestry 
  • THERAPEUTIC PROCEDURES  RELATING TO THE EYE
  • pahcoemolsification
  • Photorefractive
  • FARMACOLOGY RELATING TO THE EYE
  • anesthetic ophth
  •  
  • artificial tears
  • cycloplegic
  • miotic
  • mydriatic a substance
  • ot/o =ear
  • AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE
  • BINAURAL
  • DECIBEL
  • HERTZ
  • INTERPRETER
  • PRESBYCUSIS
  • RESIDUAL HEARING
  • SPEECH READING
  • TINNITUS
  • VERTIGO; DIZINESS
  • ACOUSTIC NEUROMA
  • ANACUSIS Total absence of hearing
  • Ostosclerosis
  • Menier
  • Otitis media
  • Hearing
  • audiometry
  • Falling test Test used toobserve balance and equilibrium. The patients is obsrved balancinon one foot, then with one foodin front of the other.
  • ABBREVIATION 
  • OD OCULUS DEXTER 
  • HYPEROPIA NULLIGRAVIDA
  •  
  • MASECTOMY CHOLELITHIASIS
  • CHOLECYSTOMY
  • VISUAL ACUITY TEST
  • HYPEROPIA
  • CONJUNCTIVITIS NYSTAGMUS
  • PUPILS REACT PROPERLY TO LIGHT. INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE IS NORMAL
  • OPTHTHALMOSCOPY AFTER APPLICATION OF MYDRIATIC DROPS REVEALED PRESENCE OF LARGE OPAQUE CATARACT IN LENS OF RIGH EYE. THERE IS A VERY SAMLL CATARACT FORMING IN THE LEFT EYE.
  • CC-
  • AN 8 YEAR OLD FEMALE WAS REFERRED TO THE ENT BY HER PEDIATRICIAN FOR EVALUATION OF CHRONIC LEFT OTITIS MEDIA.
  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
  • BINAURAL OTOSCOPY
  • BLEPHARITIS
  • OPHTHALMOSCOPY
  • IRIDIOPLEGIA
  • BLEPHAROCHALISIS
  • RETINOPATHY
  • RETINOPEXY
  • IRIDECTOMY
  • IRIDOMALCIA
  • BLEPHAROPLASTY
  • OTOLGY 
  • OTOPLASTY 
  • AUDIGRAM
TU TURN                                      CORNEA
VISION                                          TEAR
ABNORMAL NARROWING
EAR CONDITION
HEARING
  •  
  •  






 GLAUC/O
PRESB/O
AMBLY/O

  1. AMBLIOPIA
  2. DIPLIOPIA
  3. MYDIATRIC
  4. MIOTIC
  5. PRESBYOPIA
  6. TINNITUS
  7. STAPES
  8. TYMPANOMETRY

  1. EUSTACHIAN TUBE
  2. LABYRINTH
  3. AUDIOGRAM
  4. OTITIS MEDIA
  5. ---------------------
  6.  MEASURE MOVEMENT OF EARDRUM
  7. AUDITORY TUBE
  8. INNER EAR
  9. RESULT OF HEARING TEST
  10. DOUBLE VISION
  11. WIDE  
  12.  
  1. ACCOMODATION
  2. SCLERA
  3. CATARAT
  4. CONJUNCTIVA
  5. IRIS
  6. REFRACTION
  7. MYOPIA
  8. MYSTAGMUS
  9. OPTIC DISK
  10. VITREOUS HUMOR
  11. EMMETROPIA
  12. ANTIGLAUCOMA DRUG
  1. MYRINGOTOMY 
  2. TYMPANOPLASTY
  3. ENTROPION
  4. HORDEOLUM
  5. PRESBYCUSIS
  6. CHALAZION
  7. Z















CULTURE AND ILLNESS:IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH CARE INTERPRETERS

Adapted by James L.Mason.PhD
OCCAT Portland,Oregon
March 14. 215
HCI Self-Assessment Questions:

  1. Describe the language groups for whom you provide health care interpreters services. Are you equally effective with all segments of the community?
  2. Describe some of the cultural barriers,environmental determinants,or community-based factors that impact health and health services provided tothe above average groups?
  3. Describe the community you currently serve in terms of how they view illness and seek help, and what they might look for in providers and organizations.
  4. Do you talk about or share cross cultural "success stories" practice exemplars ? Why? replicable.
It might  be easy to get a pack of cigarrets than to get a fresh fruits such as vegetable or apples and oranges.
Always learn to acknowledge because if you don't you made an enemy right there and then. What is the difference of bien and bueno? Learn to ack in different languages. What causes illness when someone is illness As I travel to the world I tought there was an evil eye. Teas,cleansing my spirit and  it may get well. Trangressions get you cancer and get you kill.
I was tought to believe those things as I traveled around the world. What are some of the things that make you successful? typically we don't talk about those things.

DIMENSION OF DIVERSITY
Ethan-cultural Groups

  • Black of African Americans
  • Hispanic or Latino Americans
  • Asian American
  • Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders
  • Native Americans and Ameericans Natives
  • Bi-or Multi-Ratial
  • Euro-ethnic groups
  • NON-ETHNIC CULTURAL GROUPS
Women,igbtqi,people w/disables,people in poverty,people who are homeless,religious minorities,etc
  • REFUGEES AND IMMIGRANTS
  • Survvival vs.Opportunity
  • Documented vs. Undocumented
we know that women in the US are freer than they used to be. What is gender mean in your community? In the last five years we have been protecting the LBGT in the US. Be sensitive about that group, I'm asking you to be sensitive about those subjets. 
Refugees come to these land for opportunity. 

CULTURAL FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE DIVERSITY AMONG INDIVIDUALS AND GROUPS

Internal Factors

  • Culturals /Racial Identity
years and years
I knew of some that adopetd a kid from another country and he went to college and when he grew up. his dad took him back to his country and presented to his country

  • Socioeconomics Status
the education that they have in their country it might be different. some of us speak English formal and some of us it is not. Nationality what type of chemicals that we know make a fetal developmental in the US. Language is very sophisticaded. Bilingual and bilaterate would be more sophisticated so, two different things.

  • Nationality
  • Language
  • Family History
  • Help-Seeking behaviour 
  • General Status
  • Age and Life Cycle Issues
don't have children until you can afford. If you have a child out of the weedlock we kick you out of the family. I went to college and I went to get my first degree and then I went to another graduate school I got my child when I was 35 years old. My sister scubadives all over the world I hate her. If you have a child at a younger age don't judge peopl, too early.

  • Spatial & Regional Patterns 
 do they understand credit? do they understand money?

  • Gender and Sexuality
  • Religion & Spiritual Views
  • Political Orientation
Other aspects of who we serve? homeless you should not smoke or practice safe sex if shorten your lifes. Women have not rights in Egypt. It is a very poor country as oppossed to Saudis. Immigrants living around Portland are Iraquies and .
generate a question for them like do you know the secondary side effects of this medicine. or should I take it on an empthy stomach? Are you smart to know if you understand?
Don't ignore when helping a couple. Respect the culture because you might make an enemy.

Where is  drive by when you need one? As an interpreter you don't correct a medical doctor but as a human being it bothers me. When someone disrespects or invalidates others abilities. But, as an interpreter you don't have the power dynamic to correct a MD. You go the administrated to report the MD. integrity issue,ethical issue,we have a brouchere at the hospital that says that if you don't like something "speak up"

We try to make feel families welcome, patients right,the other think that happened because you have a disability, because you are wearing farm clothes in the city, because you have dirt under your nails, you treat me like this because I'm black or you treat me like this because I'm a woman. This is a new feel that have arisen in the 21st Century.

If you can say it to their face don't say it when you are here. It may put you in a negative way.

have they asked about.
Do make information available?
The largest Somali community in Minnesota.
The largest Somali in Seattle.
Orange County Public Health has a lot of information in Vietnamesse.
Is laso embeded in the languge a disease really behind but also make it seven languages that we focused in Portland. Institutional biases
ESTEM science technology carriers a form to get out of poverty.
Sience technology but she tought it was her own life so she went into the field of journalism.  I was in DC about 15 years ago. I was in DC when it happened we should send an aircraft and blow them up. If there was an explosition is the Saudis but sensitive about Cultural differences.
 I would also ask you.

External Factors

  • Institutional Biases
  • Community Economics
  • Public Safety & Infrastructure
  • Behavioral Health
First time home buyers don't be afraid to send Who are the Community Ecomics that we are serving?

Lets try to steer how to manage their finances so that they make it in the US.
Being multiligual,empower to best that you can be
You have the dirties room in America
keep kids out of gangs,drugs,sexual violence, behavioral health,

  • Geographic/Cultural isolation
Keep the Portland Weird is to keep it "White"

  • Intergroup Relations
  • Natural Networks of Support
  • Community History
  • Political Climate 
  • Workforce Diversity
  • Community Demographics 
 Asians came to that part of Eastern Oregon University to play football.  If you have an economic hardship then don't drink and/or smoke because that diminishes your persona.
I would not take my Mom to the bathroom. Where is my sisters when I needed her.  A  bunch of thinks can happen across the dynamics of genders. Are you hitting on me? When I was helping in Arizona and New Mexico and South West.
Relationship and Health Care when Interpreter meets clients. Next time when you are at the mall ask a public or bypasser about him/her such as tell me about your: mental health,alcohol abuse, sexual, and if they are telling you about themselves almos turn away because you see that almost gets in the way for you to have a personal relationship. Instead, ask other questions.

ILLNESS AND ETIOLOGY
Supernatural causes:

  • Soul loss-trauma resulting in soul leaving body
  • Spirit intrusion-evil spirits in the body,malicious
  • Sorcery magic or spell caused by skill humans
sining but not all cultures see
  • Object intrusion bones,hair,insect,not in term of Clements pahogen theory
  • Violation of a taboo-punishment for violation of religious/social norm;often known to sufferer. 
A interpreter was hired for delivery I started family as family theraphy a lot of young people felt mistreated or suicide. Ethnicity racial all day long. We don't talk about sexuality.


  • DISEASES AND ILLNESS

HOW CULTURE MATTERS
  • Patients contributes to their
  • Comprehensive of a problem or illness
  • View and understanding or symptoms and problems,and 
  • Reactions or response to that illness
Physician,contributes to their
  • Personality
  • Belief system
  • Interaction and communications styles
  • Organization
  • Traditions and practices (time,social order,access)

Stein (1993)individualism,control,mastery over nature.
IMPLICATION: UNINTENDED CLASH POINTS OR CONFLICTS

ADDTIONAL ASSESSMENT DOMAINS

  • Respect
  • Greeting 
  • Name
  • Birth/Death
  • Modesty
  • Decision-making 
  • Family
  • Aesthetics
  • Faith/Religion
  • Food
  • Others
talking about death it really brings it on. I had a friend that left work because he taught a friend had to go. I was raise Judeo Christian
Activity2Values Assessment

  • What values do you see in the patients and families you see?
  • What values do you see in the health professionals and systems in which you work?
  • Describe any value conflicts you have seen as result of such conflicts?
  • What has been successful in mediating or adressing such conflicts

  • Next Sat Code of Ethics
  • On the 21st we have final test


GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
Visualization 
Visualize Numbers in Patterns
1581039264

Practice
  • Count off in class (2 by 2 by 2 etc)
  • Listen to the sentence by the instructor
  • Write down what you have heard
  • Use symbols or abbreviations that you understand
  • Share the bit of information
Notes a form of discipline and have to be accurate!
Good Morning Mrs. Perez my name is Mrs. Simone
I understand that you came to the practice beacause you dont' feel really well and you have several
I have been feeling very tired over the last several months. I ve noticed. I ve been very thirsty. I have been urininating a lot my blood sugar. I have been ranging from 200-400 daily.

I don't feell lighheaded or nausated but my vision is a little bit blurry. The pain starts in the back of my neck and moves up into my head;it is really strong.

Diabetes cause the sugar in your blood to go up this buildup in your sugar to go blind...loose you foot have an amputation or even kill you
Diabetics causes the sugar in your blood to buildup. This build up of sugar in your blood can cause you to go blind,suffer a heart attack,lost your foot or let to amputation,stop your kidneys from working or  even kill you.

Diabetes is a disease  that affects a way your body uses food. In your body food turns in your body, food, food turns into sugar for energy. Diabetes keeps your body from using some or all of the sugar in your blood for energy.

Mrs Perez I'm going to explain to you about hemoglobin  A1C testing.  As you know keeping your diabetes testing in good control is the key to staying healthy. You need to check your blood sugar several a different times a day
this testing shows what your blood sugar level is in one day

Hemoglobin is  a protein inside your RBCS cells it is part of the  rbcs that carries oxigen to the lungs to the rest of your body. it also carries blood sugar, becaue these stick to all kinds of proteins  of your body. 

LISTEN AND GROUP CONCEPTS
 Why take Notes
  • First, the purpose of note-taking is to increase memory efficiency
  • Second,the interpreter's notes are specially individual in character. Practicing interpreters develop their own techniques for note-taking.
  • Jean  -Francois Rozan (Rozan Seven Basic Principles)
  • Note the idea rather than the exact words used.
  • Abbreviate long words  by noting the first two and the last two letters only.
  • Alternatively. find a short word with the same meaning
  • Negation (ok to approve, no ok to disapprove)
  • Be prepared
  • know your subject matter
  • look up words before the interpreting even.
  • Bring paper and pen
  • IDENTIFY KEYWORDS AND IDEAS
  • Before you can have your Surgery.yu will need to see your prim,ary care physician to have a full 
  •  INSERT A PHOTO
Na 126 
GLUCOSE 120
Ca 110
POTASSIUM 4.
K4
BUN15
HEMATOCRIT 45
PLATELY COUNT 150,000

  • Mrs chan was admitted to intensive care unit un for diabetic was ketoacidosis last month. She was found at home on the floor and her husband called 911. Mrs Chan recovered very quickly after getting her blood sugars regualted with insulin. Mrs chan nos is in the clinic as she is complaining of digestive disorders  that are commonly associated with diabetes . The nurse Janet is going to do some homecare teaching about gastroparesis so that Mrs. Chan can understand this problem.


  • Diabetes can wreck havoc with your gastrointestinal tract just as it can afect other major organs of your body . Problems caused by diabetes can occur all along the the GI tracthabit with your intestinal tract just as it can other organs with your body

  • Mrs. Chan: Is this what I have? Is this why I'm having difficulty in controlling my blood sugar?

Your gastrointestinal tract is a very complicated dynamic organ and each sectin has its own food processing function. The movement of your
the movement of your GI tract cordinates the process the movement of 
it controls the delivery o food at the top
elimination and the mixing of processing of food 
this movmt is what control  by muscles your GI tract can  control diabetes can damage this nerves and can cause gastrointestinal problems
  • how do you know that the diabets is the sole  cause of nerve damage in the stomach?
  • First off, many peple with GI problems  all an evidence of problems in other of other 
Many of the people have other symptosn in other organs such as seeing unusual sweeting

Mrs. Chan


since we did not have this problem since  l left this hospital

CHALLENGES ENCOUNTERED IN MENTAL HEALTH INTERPRETING
DAVID CARDONA,MD,MPH
ANDREA CANO,MDIV,BCC

Jose Mejia Poch
Behavioral Health Clnics

Workshops Goals
At the end of thistraining the participant will be able to;
Identify the cllanges
Challenges for Mental Health Provides

  • Not knowing how to work with interpreters 
  • No being culturally competent to understand that patients beliefs and social practices may affect health care outcomes
  • Not enough time to conduct a complete initial interview,assessment (i.e. primary care,ER) 
  • Not knowing competency to the interpreter

Challenges for Health Care Interpreter

  • Mental Health Care interpreting is not their specialty,lack of formal training,terminology,protocols
  • Not enough experience working in mental health setting (ER,clinic psychiatry ward,ambulatory care and hospitals)
  • No clear standards of professional practice 
  • They are not qualified nor certified with the State
Challenges for Patients

  • Unfamiliar with western health care systems
  • Unsure fo competence of health care provider or the health care interpreter
  • Suffering cultural and social stigma of mental issues,possible family issues
  • Bias by health care providers and health care interpreters
  • No medical insuracne due to many factors 
  • Not working their patients's rights in regard to provisions of interpreting services and HIPAA
Challenges for Institutions

  • Budget Cuts
  • Practice not producing enough revenue
  • Paying for provision
Using Tech in Mental Health Interpreters
  • Telephonic Interpreters
  • Video Remote Interpreting
  • On line training resources for providers and patients (CDs, online training courses) 
  • Using speaker phones with psychotic patients and other mental conditions
LANGUAGE  BARRIERS WHEN DELIVERING HEALTH CARE
  • English speaker ma
FIRST PERSON INTERPRETING
The Interpreting will begin by explaining guidelines for interpreting the session for health care provider an dthe patient
The interpreter will speak int he first person when interpreting in health

On the Phone Interpreting Services
Tegh current health care trend is to provide interpreting services over the telephone.
it is 
ON THE PHONE INTERPRETING SERVICES
Dissuade

Cultural barriers Wehn Delivering Health Care
there are also many differences in world views, spirituality and religion.language and vernacular,healing






























































CFS-399-009:SPST:SPST:EFFECTIVE YOUTH WORKERS (WINTER 2016)

This is How I Have Witness Triggers Get in The Way to My Family's Happiness.


Created by Eusebio Castillo on Feb 23, 2016 4:54 PM
Last edited: Wednesday, February 24, 2016 5:44 PM PST
On Monday around the year 1977 when I came home from elementary school, my mother announced to my dad would leave the family and I watched my mother communicate this to my father in a tone of sadness. My mother asked my sister Ruth and I with whom we wanted to go. I remember my sister was saying Mama I'm coming with you. My reaction was I do not go with any because you don't go anywhere that's what I was saying if I remember correctly. On Sunday, Mama, my two sisters and I we went to hide in the neighbor’s home. Dad has been looking for all of us at the house. Dad kept a baton hidden in the eyebrow of the house-since I can remember- he wanted to kill my mom, my two sisters and I. My father was always very confident of his friends. When someone offered him a beer or glass of liquor and he gladly accept it.  Who has seen the evil? Some people envied my dad’s family because he was very successful, hardworking and handsome.  So he was invited to a party with one of the neighbors and there was given to take a mixture of several alcoholic beverages that did lost his head and he went crazy. I clearly remember my mother telling me “son” go get your father and tell him to come home. I do not remember my age but I do remember that I get to the party where he is and tell him we have to go now. Words come out of his mouth that are not very clear which I barely reached to understand what he says. The intoxicating drink made it very thick white spittle on his lips then it is very difficult to clearly articulate the words. He is very dull and barely walks but, I persuaded him to go home. On the way home he slips, falls and hits very hard on the head. Receives first aid by, my aunt, his sister. Losses consciousness for about ten minutes. His mother, sister and others present said that he had already died and everyone begins to mourn. Approximately ten minutes later, he regains consciousness. And now this is the time when he becomes crazy and goes in search of his baton, grabs it and asks me where my mama is because he will kill her. I told this to my mother so she run in fear for her life with all my sisters and went to hide to Adelina’s place our neighbor. Really I don’t know my father because he is/was always very quiet. I’m also not one to evaluate the conduct of my father. So, I also believe strongly that there isn’t a perfect being on the face of the earth. I’m sure the child was infinitely-more than twenty one times- embarrassed by his father who was also violent and abusive to his mother. Something I learned from sociology is that the first thing to do is that one should be disclosed.

March 5, 2016

Under what circumstances has it been difficult to set personal or professional boundaries and what have you done or will you do to change that?

I must begin by saying that it has taking me a while to be able to digest all this lecture from week-3-that is Values,Judgement,and Boundaries and Expectations. There were several things to which I reacted when reading this lecture but, first, let me tell you that that was me to whom was established for the first time a personal border. This occurs in the early 80's. This happens to me when I first start to live with roommates (classmates) of preparatory school I attended in Puebla,Mex. To me it was very easy I wear a pair of brand new Levis from my classmate Francisco Campos Garcia without asking him for permission. Although,it is today and not yesterday that I became aware that Francisco was right when he said in a tone of anger, "do not take my stuff ass-hole,ask me, before taking it." It is because I never knew, I also grew up with not borders as a child. Everywhere in my town back in my childhood was ejido and no one owned anything. Again is today that I try to analyse why I did what I did back high school and all I can see in the back of my head is that I was never taught to respect the belongings of others and these values never were present in my upbringing. I do not remember any other similar incident that occurred recently. As our teacher says, "You and I do have the power to alter shame-based beliefs" and that is why I confess. I don't believe Paco was trying to be aggressive with setting his boundary because he helped me to never do this again. In conclusion, today every youth is safe in my environment, I know I can have youth friends in my FB. Why not? I don't only have to have grown ups, anyway "today I'm lovable."

March 21, 2015

ONE PROCESS FOR ETHICAL DESCION-MAKING


  1. Ask questions to determine wheter there is a problem
  2. Identify and clearly state the problem,considering the ethicalpricnciples that may apply and ranking them in applicability.
  3. Clarify personal values as they relate to the problem.
  4. Consider alternative actions,including benefits and risks.
  5. Decide to carryout the action chose.
  6. Evaluate the outcome and consider what might be done differently next time. (Ca Standards,Pg 333). 
You have a system in place you will have mistakes. Child abuse was touched upon on this subject.
IME?
trolley-car ethics
Why a code of ethics
  • It is not just an additional set of (bureaucratic, red-tape,unnecessary) obligations.
  • Instead,it is a decision-making toolbox.
  • Think:sword and shield
It is a rule in Salem,Oregon to interpret. If you know the language then you should.

MATTHEW'S DEFINITION OF PROFESSIONAL
 A prefessional is a person with specialized skills and knowledge that are not available to the general public and for whom others must rely for those specialized skills or knowledge.
Specialized skills or knowledge are not easily substitutable nor subject to automation (Think Henry Ford's Model T Factory).
A professional has to make executive decision  based on incomplete and/or imperfect information and has to live with consequences.

The real sanction and you say that you are and you aren't I'm not advocating one way or another. It is actually really bad for one's persons or company to say that they are certified. The company 

SPECIAL POLICY MODEL OF ETHICS

TOTAL SELFLESSNESS                                                    TOTAL SELFISHNESS
Fiduciary 1) n. from the Latin fiduacia,meaning "trurst," a person (or a business like a bank or stock brokerage) who has the power and obligation to act to 


ECONOMIC MODEL FOR ETHICS, ESPECIALLY ACCREDITATION
  1. SUPPLY AND DEMAND
  2. BARRIERS TO ENTRY
STATE-SANCTIONED RESTRICTIONS ON ENTRY THINK "REGULATED PROFESSIONS"


"The result [of acreditation] could lead to increase state reimbursement for healthcare interpreter services . ultimately,these standards of practice will contribute to the recognition and acceptable of the velue of healthcare interpreting as a profession."
(Ca Standars , pg 21)


I. CONFIDENTIALITY

"The interpreter treats as confidential,within the treating team,all information learned in the performance of their professional duties, while observing relevant requirement regarding disclosure."
(ethics,pg 3)
See also, CA standards,pg   (25-26)




In Oregon no one can make you testify against your husband or wife (lawyer)
Settlements.
OTHERS WITH AN OBLIGATION OF CONFIDENTIALITY OREGON RULES OF EVIDENCE ,ORG
 



ORS 40.252 Rule 504-5.
Communications revealing intent to commit certain crimes.


(OVER) LITERAL INTERPRETION
When the interpreter tends "to be bound too much by the source material,resulting in renditions that are too literal,stilted,or at times incomprehensible,and do not sound natural in the target language.
Oftentimes,the renderings are
"word for word" or driven by the mistaken assumption tht the interpretations should be "literal."


PARAPHRASING
This is when an interpreter renders:
"[A]n approximate or condensed version of the original in his/her 'own words' instead of preserving all the elements of the original message."



Mimes banned for abusive language 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitchell_and_Webb


AVOIDING PARAPHRASING


WHO ENFORCES ACCURACY?



 




























 

March 4, 2012


OPRAH WINFREY’S BIOGRAPHY
WHO IS SHE?
*  Nearly almost every US citizen has heard the name Oprah Winfrey either from her well rated T.V. show OPRAH or as a shinning Hollywood star. Yet, a very vital piece of data people aren’t familiar with is the fact that she had to fight with tooth and claw—for being outside the mythical norm—to rise to a popular and wealthy actress. That is the stuff of myth!
WHERE DID SHE LIVE?
*  George Mair reports, “the nearby town of Kosciusko served as part of one of the most important and infamous frontier routes in American history. It was the 449-mile interstate “highway” of the two hundred years ago that led

August 29, 2011

1,000s OF TEMPLATES

http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/templates/